What is a Default Gateway?
A default gateway is a node that allows network connections, enabling devices and machines on different networks to interact with each other.
It is the initial route for network access to a website. Moreover, it also acts as an intermediary when connecting devices across different subnets. It routes traffic to ensure that requests go to the correct address, even on different networks.
The Originating device sends requests for access using a routing table, which also picks the best route to send the request by identifying the router. All requests without a specified router go to the default gateway to ensure a continuous data flow.
The default gateway is the primary router when you have a small network, like your home setup. However, as networks grow or multiple networks operate concurrently, your default gateway integrates with a system of subnets—a specific default gateway. In this topic, we will discuss about Cannot Access Router With Default Gateway.
How Can I Find My Default Gateway’s IP address?
Knowing how to access your default gateway’s IP address allows you to solve any network issues by enabling you to troubleshoot or access your router’s web management tool. Worry not. You can find the default gateway address quickly!
Suppose you use the Windows operating system, open the Control Panel, and go to the Network and Sharing Center. Click on the Change Adapter Settings or Change Adapter Options (Depending on your version).
After that, choose the network for which you are trying to find the default gateway. Then, double-click on it and select Details from the pop-up. You can read the IPv4 Default Gateway from the list which appears.
The process is more straightforward for MacOS: Open System Preferences and select Network, then choose the network’s name you want to view. In the TCP/IP tab, it will display the IP address.
Cannot Access a Router With a Default Gateway?
One of the most frequently asked questions is “what can we do if we cannot access a router with a default gateway?” This article will show you the usual suspects behind default gateway problems and workable solutions to resolve the issue.
First, there are many reasons for this error to occur. Maybe your network adapter’s drivers need an update or upgrade altogether. Your router might use a Wi-Fi frequency that’s not compatible with your device.
Here is a list of techniques you can use to fix your PC’s “default gateway” errors.
Disable and Enable the Network Adapter
Windows 10 allows users to enable/disable the network adapter. It helps troubleshoot the different network-related problems. Try to toggle this option on/off and see if that fixes your problem.
- Press Windows + I on your keyboard to open the Settings menu.
- Select Network and Internet.
- Select Change adapter options on the next screen.
- Right-click the network you are looking for and select Disable
- The adapter icon should grey out once you disable the adapter.
- Wait for some seconds, preferably half a minute, and then right-click the adapter again and Enable.
Your PC should reconnect to the network.
Reset TCP/IP Stack
If you cannot access a router with a default gateway, one way to fix a gateway error in Windows 10 is by resetting the TCP/IP stack. It resets the stack holding your TCP/IP settings and restores the default values. Also, it can fix any misconfiguration in the IP settings. follow these steps:
- Open the Start menu, access the Command Prompt, and Run as administrator.
- Choose Yes.
- Suppose you use IPv4 on your device, open the Command Prompt, type netsh int ipv4 reset, and press Enter.
- If your device uses IPv6, then type netsh int ipv6 reset.
- If you do not know which IPv your device uses, run both commands. One of them will reset your stack.
Restart your device and check if it solved the problem.
Use The Network Adapter Troubleshooter
Windows 10 comes with some troubleshooting options to help you diagnose problems on your PC. Including a network adapter troubleshooter that you can use to find and fix issues on the network. You can use it to get around the “default gateway” error on your PC.
The troubleshooter highlights the significant problems and offers solutions.
- Press Windows + I to open the Settings.
- Select Update and Security.
- Select Troubleshoot and then go to additional troubleshooters.
- Locate the Network Adapter and then Run the troubleshooter.
Update Network Adapter Drivers
Sometimes, the default gateway error results from outdated network drivers. Update your drivers to fix the issue. Windows 10 can automatically search and install the correct drivers, or you can load the drivers yourself if you have the file.
To solve the problem where you cannot access a router with a default gateway, do this:
- Open the Start menu, go to Device Manager.
- Select Network adapters.
- Right-click on the adapter you want and select Update Driver.
- Select Search Automatically for drivers, and it will find and update the drivers.
- Suppose you already downloaded the drivers manually, then choose to load the driver’s file. The system will install the drivers.
Change Your Wireless Router’s Frequency
Some modern routers use 5GHz as the default frequency. Unfortunately, not all network adapters are compatible. And it may lead to you failing to access your router with the default gateway.
Thankfully, most routers have provisions for you to change the frequency to 2.4GHz, which is compatible with most PC network adapters.
Change the frequency of your wireless network by going to the router’s settings menu. Type 192.168.1.1 in the browser once you connect to the router using a device that supports the frequency.
Temporarily Turn Off Your Antivirus
Do you feel that you cannot access a router with a default gateway? Well, sometimes the antivirus can cause errors with the “default gateway.” Most antivirus software has web safety features that may affect your network.
Turn off your antivirus and check if the problem goes away. If the error persists, you may need to change some settings in your antivirus not to affect your network. These steps may differ depending on the antivirus program you use. But the support site should guide you just fine.
If this doesn’t work, maybe you can get a new antivirus.
Stop Windows 10 From Switching Off the Network Adapter
Windows 10 turns off various devices on your computer (including the network adapter) to save power automatically. It may turn off the default gateway’s network adapter too. You can disable the power save settings for your network adapter to stop the PC from turning off the adapter.
- Right-click on Start and choose Device Manager.
- Select Network adapters, right-click on the specific adapter and go to Properties.
- Select Power Management.
- Uncheck the option that enables the computer to turn off the adapter. Then, select OK.